Dengue fever is a benign acute febrile syndrome.
Dengue fever is caused by four closely related virus serotypes of the genus Flavivirus, family Flaviviridae.
Infection with one of these serotypes provides immunity to only that serotype for life, so persons living in a dengue-endemic area can have more than one dengue infection during their lifetime
In a small proportion of cases, the virus causes increased vascular permeability that leads to a bleeding diathesis or disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) known as dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF). Secondary infection by a different dengue virus serotype has been confirmed as an important risk factor for the development of DHF.
Infections produce a spectrum of clinical illness ranging from a nonspecific viral syndrome to severe and fatal hemorrhagic disease
In 20-30% of DHF cases, the patient develops shock, known as the dengue shock syndrome (DSS). Worldwide, children younger than 15 years comprise 90% of DHF subjects.
Symptoms appear 3—14 days after the infective bite.
Symptoms range from a mild fever, to incapacitating high fever, with severe headache, pain behind the eyes, muscle and joint pain, and rash.
Dengue hemorrhagic fever (fever, abdominal pain, vomiting, bleeding) is a potentially lethal complication, affecting mainly children.
History of Present Illness
Fever with abrupt onset, rising to 39.5-41.4°C. Accompanied by frontal or retro-orbital headache (pain behind eyes). Fever usually lasts 1-7 days, then return to normal body temperature for 1-2 days then recurring with second rash but not as high.
Initial rash transient, generalized, macular, and blanching; occurs in first 1-2 days of fever. Second rash occurring within 1-2 days of normal body temperature, lasting 1-5 days. Second rash morbilliform, maculopapular, sparing palms and soles. Occasionally desquamates
Absent in dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF)/dengue shock syndrome (DSS)
After onset of fever
Increases in severity
Not associated with fractures
May last several weeks
Most common in legs, joints, and lumbar spine
Nausea and vomiting
Abdominal pain (severe in DHF/DSS)
Fever, Signs of intravascular volume depletion, hypotension with narrowed pulse pressure, delayed capillary refill, hemorrhagic manifestations
Positive tourniquet test
Petechiae, purpura, epistaxis, gum bleeding, GI bleeding, menorrhagia
Homoeopathic Treatment Of Dengue Fever
As other diseases homoeopathy works great if treated according to symptoms of patient not by the name of disease. As written earlier, Dengue fever clinical manifestation ranges from mild viral illness to severe DHF. The symptomatology produced by Eupatorium Perfoliatum is similar to dengue so it is very useful medicine for treating dengue fever and preventing dengue fever while epidemics.
Eup Per 200 C can be used for prevention for dengue. Take 2-3 pills once a day for 4 days if you live in epidemic areas and if you are suffering with fever with classical symptoms of dengue i.e. fever with lots of muscle pain, eye pain, headache, weakness, and live in epidemic area then you can use this medicine 3-4 hourly for 4 to 5 days.
If you do not get prompted relief then you can take additional Rhus Tox 200 C 2-3 pills alternating with Eup Per 200 C.
If you have vomiting and nausea symptoms then you should take Ipecac 200C instead of Rhus Tox 200 C.
For persistence weakness after fever and recovery phase, use China 30 C and Carbo Veg 30 C. to make recovery faster and get back strength soon.